Most forms of tennis court, other than clay and natural grass, have similar base constructions and only differ in terms of the final playing surface and the supporting layer on which it is laid. The principal elements of a court are as shown in the image below.
They are comprise of:
- The formation; this is the prepared natural ground on which the court is built;
- The sub-base; carefully graded aggregates that are laid to provide load bearing and stability for the playing surface and to protect, as far as possible, the formation from the effects of rain and frost;
- Macadam base; bitumen bound aggregate that forms the base on which the playing surface is laid or in the case of macadam courts forms the playing surface.
Wilson Sports Surfaces Ltd follow the SAPCA (The Sports and Play Construction Association) code of practice for the construction and maintenance of tennis courts.